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Mac Miller
Memento Mori
Music Music Theory Piano

The BASICS of Music Theory With Mac Miller

Posted 04-16-2022, 12:42 PM
Here is a virtual Piano to follow along with: https://www.onlinepianist.com/virtual-piano

I can also only teach you so much, so here is a very detailed course on music theory in PDF: https://www.mediafire.com/file/proygzu2u...4.pdf/file

As well, here is a website dedicated to teaching music theory: www.musictheory.net

  I noticed many Hack Forums users wanted to learn Piano, so here is the start of my detailed guide on how to Play piano using music theory, and eventually, some songs you can learn as a beginner.

To start, Lets learn the layout of the Piano.

Looking face down at your piano, you will notice white keys, and black keys.

These white and black keys are broken down into octaves of 12 Notes.

Spoiler (Click to View)

The Notes in an Octave are : C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B

The # symbol represents Sharps. There is also something in theory called Flats, I will be using 'b' to represent these.

Something you have to remember about Flats and sharps, is they correlate. Say you have a C#. C# is one semitone above C, so It's C#, But it's also One semitone below D, so you could also Consider C# Db.

The Octave then repeats to the next C Note, continuing in that pattern until the piano runs out of keys.

This heavily simplifies the piano, now, instead of having 56 different keys, you have the same pattern of 12, 12 is much easier to learn than 56.

The jumps in notes are either considered a Whole Step, Or a Half Step. A whole step would be from C to D, while a half step is would be from C to C#

Here's a picture to help better understand this:

Spoiler (Click to View)

The Black key between the G and A key would both be G# and Ab simultaneously.

Think of it like this: A Semitone jumps from the white key to black key, while a whole tone jumps from white key to white key.

Now that you have a basic understand of the layout of the keyboard, lets talk about scales.

What is a scale?

a scale is any set of musical notes ordered by fundamental frequency or pitch.
A scale consists of eight notes found in the musical key which is determined by your root note.
So say you have a C major scale, like in the the picture below:
Spoiler (Click to View)
you would start on your root note of C and ascend up the white keys until you got onto the eighth note of the scale, which is the C note an octave higher than your root note.
This is actually following a formula. W-W-H-W-W-W-H, W standing for whole note, and H standing for Half note, We covered this up above. C to D is whole, D to E is whole, E to F is semi, do you see the pattern?
Building A Scale is literally just as easy as following a formula. Here are the formula for building any scale using the root note you choose, so you're not just limited to C major, as example, you can use the Major scale formula to Write any Major scale from note on the piano.

Spoiler (Click to View)

Major Scale Formula: W-W-H-W-W-W-H
Natural Minor scale formula: W-H-W-W-H-W-W
Harmonic Minor Scale: W-H-W-W-H-W 1/2-H*[/color]
Melodic Minor Scale: W-H-W-W-W-W-H

Here's a good resource so learn scales: https://www.pianoscales.org/major.html

Next up for our final bit of information in this blog are chords

What are chords?

A chord is a combination of Two or more notes. Chords are built off of a single note, called the root note.

Explaining Chords and how to build them

There are many different types of chords, but I'm going to focus on Triads for this lesson, which use the root note, the third note of the scale of your root note, and the fifth note of the scale of your root note in order to form. Lets take a C major Triad for example: Spoiler (Click to View)
as you can see from the picture, this C major triad starts on the C Note, indicating this is a C chord basic on the root note of C, we can figure out this is a basic chord using the 5th note of G, and C Major Scale by using the 3rd note in the Scale which is E. It's easy if you count them, starting from C. C is one, D is two, E (our third) is three, f is 4, G(out 5th) is 5. Get it? (C Major Example) Some other Triads would be a minor Triad, augmented triad, and a diminished triad.

The main differences between a Major and Minor triad is the scale in which it's built. you use the same method of the Third and 5th notes of the scale to find the Major or Minor Triad, but switching from a Major to a Minor scale will give you the Major or Minor result.

Augmented Triads and Diminished Triads are a little different.

Augmented Triads are built with a Major Third and an Augmented 5th. You find this by counting up 4 half steps from the Root note, and finding the augmented 5th by counting up eight half steps from the root note.

Diminished triads are built with a Minor Third and a Diminished 5th

You find this by counting up 3 half steps from the root note for the minor third, and you can find the diminished 5th by counting up six half steps from the root note.

These are a little different from Major and Minor Triads, but not by much.


I hope you enjoyed my first lesson, The basic of music theory, if I helped you learn let me know! Open to any questions you might have in my DMs. Quick love or donate if you found this especially helpful! Thank you!

05-12-2022, 03:55 PM