Home Upgrade Search Memberlist Extras Hacker Tools Award Goals Help Wiki Follow Contact

HF Rulez the UniverseHF Rulez the Universe
Komodo
Doc

Guide to Mental Illnesses

Posted 04-16-2022, 12:41 PM
Intro
I keep seeing outreach of mental health issues across the forum that are being given false information and treatments. In this thread I will explain the details of the most commonly seen mental illnesses down to the science, as well as contact information for anyone seeking help. I've worked in Civilian and Military healthcare and have been involved with countless mental health cases.

Disclaimer
No advise given here is being practiced in a professional healthcare environment. I am not a doctor, and you should contact your primary health care provider with any health related concerns. I am always available for you, but I am not a doctor.

What is mental illness?
In basic terms a mental illness is a health condition that effects your mood, emotions, thought process, and behavior.
As of 2021 19% of Americans are currently living with some sort of mental health disorder.


Depression
Usually referred to as Clinical Depression is a disorder that is characterized as giving someone a constant state of depressed mood, and loss of interests in most things. This is not always brought upon by a traumatic experience, it can come down to genetics or a disorder.

This is an example of what's is happening at the cell level during depression. Your brain has Neuro-Transmitters which is a key source of sending signals throughout your brain. Hundreds of chemicals get pushed through to create balance in our bodies. A chemical inbalance will cause you to have negative effects on your body.
Depression is generally associated with a reduction of chemicals like Serotonin, Dopamine, or Endorphins which directly effect your mood stability, pleasure, and relaxation.

[Image: FgpyqZC.png]

Treatment for depression is generally medication, therapy, or a combination of both.
There are hundreds of Anti-Depressants so it may take a couple of tries to get the dosage and type of medication correct. You have to start out small and test the waters before you go in and disrupt your entire chemical balance.


Anxiety Disorder
This is a disorder that causes increased levels of anxiety and fear about everyday activities and situations, it is referred to as a constant stress. It makes areas of your life difficult to control while having repeat feelings of intense terror which can lead to a panic attack. While you may think going grocery shopping is a normal thing, someone with anxiety disorder can have feeling of fear towards it.

In the most basic terms of the cellular level, the Mitochondria is being stressed by the chemical reaction within your neuro-transmitters and begin to overwhelm it causing a release of toxicity that directly effects your anxiety.

[Image: ZAUVPHE.jpg?2]

Treatment for Anxiety Disorder is the same as depression, usually medication and therapy.
Same concept with Depression, there are a variety of medications for this condition. It might take multiple attempts to get the right dosage to give you the right chemical reaction.


ADHD
Is characterized as a chronic condition that includes difficulty keeping attention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. This is a genetic disorder that is not caused by one thing, it is a complex interaction between many different neurobiological entities. There are so many different cells, genes, and biology that is involved with this condition that I would be going down a rabbit hole of explaining every interaction between them all. If you would like to read more about it click HERE.

In the easiest way possible, basically your neuro-transmitters are having trouble sending signals across to be caught causing these symptoms. Medication is given to attempt to reconnect these Neuro-Transmitters and get all signals back across. As shown in this picture, the reason the normal brain is brighter is because not all the signals were being caught. It's basically packet loss.

[Image: beVEFpC.jpg?1]

Treatment for ADHD is generally medication.


Schizophrenia
A serious disorder that inhibits your ability to think, feel, and behave like your normal self. There is little we know about Schizophrenia besides that it is normally genetic and can happen to everyone. One study that I've seen recently found from tests that Glial cells were abnormal. Glial cells are supportive neurons that help with the process of communication. The abnormality made them not create enough of another cell called Oligodendrocyte causing damaged signals between neurons.

[Image: 9IhlkMp.jpg?1]

Treatment for Schizophreniais generally Hospitalization, when you are in this state you are a danger to those around you. Almost every Psychosis patient I've had has been violent. Medication called Antipsychotics are generally given while you're hospitalized as well as therapy.


Psychosis

Psychosis is a complete break from reality and perception. With the condition comes hallucinations completely changing the behavior and thought process of the person. They will be talking incoherently, and making up things that they think is complete reality. It can come from a development of a psychiatric illness like Schizophrenia, drug use, medications, health conditions, or genetics. I have only seen it in constant drug usage.

Drugs like Meth, Cocaine, Heroin all cause an abundance of dopamine getting pushed through your receptors to make you feel good. In neurons there is a channel that regulates most of your neurological functions, damage to these channels significant neurological compromise.
The channel circled in red has been found to be damaged in most Psychosis patients.

[Image: vSE9oi7.jpg?1]

Treatment for Psychosis is generally Hospitalization, when you are in this state you are a danger to those around you. Almost every Psychosis patient I've had has been violent. Medication called Antipsychotics are generally given while you're hospitalized as well as therapy.


PTSD
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a mental condition caused by a terrifying or traumatic event. Symptoms include severe anxiety, flashbacks, nightmares, and constantly reliving the moment. PTSD is often thought to be only military related, but that is not true. Any personal or exposure to a traumatic event can lead to PTSD. In the military before PTSD was researched it was called shell shock and was a terrible condition to have.

At the cellular level the traumatic experience changes neural patterns and chemistry which changes the way your brain adapts to previous, current, and future stressers. Your adrenaline response system becomes altered, this system is vital for homeostasis in your body, and regulating chemicals and neurotransmitters within your brain.

[Image: YZZU274.png?1]

Treatment involves trauma based psychotherapy as well as medication. I've seen what this can do to someone first hand, it's a terrible condition.


Contact information
If you are feeling down or depressed and just want to talk to someone here are some great contacts for you.

If you are having thoughts of hurting yourself or others, please dial 911 immediately.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Helpline
1-800-662-HELP (4357)

Suicide Prevention Helpline
1-800-273-8255
Click me for Live Online Chat instead

For any military members:
Please contact your first line, MFLC, Chaplain, anyone in your chain of command, or use MilitaryOneSource by clicking Here

I am also always available if needed, contact me anytime.


Reason I made the thread is HERE